Quick Guide To ReactJS and React Redux (Part 1)

Welcome to this comprehensive guide to ReactJS and React Redux! In this extensive tutorial, we will cover everything you need to know about building modern web applications using these powerful JavaScript libraries. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, this guide will help you master the art of building interactive and scalable user interfaces.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction to ReactJS
  • Setting Up Your Development Environment
  • Creating Your First React Component
  • Understanding JSX
  • Component Lifecycle
  • State and Props
  • Handling Events
  • Conditional Rendering
  • Lists and Keys
  • Forms and Controlled Components
  • React Router for Navigation
  • Introduction to Redux
  • Setting Up Redux
  • Actions and Reducers
  • Connecting React and Redux
  • Advanced React Concepts
  • Context API
  • Performance Optimization
  • Hooks in Depth
  • Error Handling and Debugging
  • Testing in React
  • Styling in React
  • Building Production-Ready Apps
  • Deployment Strategies
  • Beyond Basics: Advanced Topics
  • Conclusion

Introduction to ReactJS

ReactJS, often referred to as React, is an open-source JavaScript library for building user interfaces. Developed and maintained by Facebook, React has gained immense popularity due to its component-based architecture and the ability to create highly interactive and reusable UI components.

Key Features of React:

  • Virtual DOM: React uses a virtual representation of the actual DOM, which significantly improves performance by minimizing direct DOM manipulation.
  • Component-Based: Applications are built by composing individual, reusable components.
  • Declarative: React allows you to describe how your UI should look at any point in time, and it automatically handles the updates.
  • Unidirectional Data Flow: Data flows in one direction, making it easier to understand and debug.

Setting Up Your Development Environment

Before diving into React development, you need to set up your development environment. You’ll need Node.js and npm (Node Package Manager) installed. You can download them from nodejs.org.

Once Node.js and npm are installed, you can create a new React project using Create React App. This tool simplifies project setup and configuration.

To create a new React app, open your terminal and run: bashCopy code npx create-react-app my-react-app

Replace my-react-app with the desired name of your project. This command will create a new directory with the necessary project structure and dependencies.

Creating Your First React Component

Now that your development environment is set up, let’s create your first React component. Open the src directory in your project and locate the App.js file.

Replace the contents of App.js with the following code to create a simple React component:

import React from 'react';

function App() {
  return (
      <h1>Hello, React!</h1>

export default App;

This code defines a functional component called App that renders a heading with the text “Hello, React!”.

Understanding JSX

In the code above, you may have noticed the XML-like syntax within JavaScript. This is called JSX (JavaScript XML), and it’s a syntax extension for React. JSX allows you to write HTML-like code within your JavaScript files, making it easier to define your UI components.

JSX gets transpiled into JavaScript by tools like Babel, which is configured automatically when you create a React app using Create React App.

Component Lifecycle

React components have a lifecycle that consists of various phases. Understanding these phases is crucial for handling component initialization, updates, and cleanup. The component lifecycle methods include:

  • constructor: This is where you set up your component’s initial state and bind methods.
  • render: This method returns the JSX that should be displayed.
  • componentDidMount: This is called after the component is inserted into the DOM.
  • componentDidUpdate: This is called after a component’s state or props change.
  • componentWillUnmount: This is called right before a component is removed from the DOM.

Understanding these lifecycle methods will help you manage the behavior of your React components effectively.

State and Props

State and props are two fundamental concepts in React.


State represents the data that a component can maintain and modify. To add state to a functional component, you can use the useState hook:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

function Counter() {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  return (
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>

In this example, we use useState to initialize and manage the count state variable.


Props (short for properties) allow you to pass data from a parent component to a child component. Props are read-only and help make your components reusable. Here’s an example of passing props to a component:

// ParentComponent.js
import React from 'react';
import ChildComponent from './ChildComponent';

function ParentComponent() {
  const greeting = 'Hello from Parent!';

  return (
      <ChildComponent message={greeting} />
jsxCopy code
// ChildComponent.js
import React from 'react';

function ChildComponent(props) {
  return <p>{props.message}</p>;

export default ChildComponent;

In this example, the message prop is passed from the ParentComponent to the ChildComponent.

Handling Events

React allows you to handle events using event handlers. Here’s an example of handling a button click event:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

function ClickCounter() {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  const handleButtonClick = () => {
    setCount(count + 1);

  return (
      <p>Click Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={handleButtonClick}>Click Me</button>

In this example, the onClick attribute is used to attach the handleButtonClick function to the button’s click event.

Conditional Rendering

You can conditionally render elements in React by using JavaScript expressions within JSX. Here’s an example of conditional rendering:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

function ConditionalRendering() {
  const [isLoggedIn, setIsLoggedIn] = useState(false);

  return (
      {isLoggedIn ? (
        <p>Welcome, User!</p>
      ) : (
        <button onClick={() => setIsLoggedIn(true)}>Log In</button>

In this example, the contents of the div are conditionally rendered based on the isLoggedIn state.

Lists and Keys

To render lists of items in React, you can use the map function along with unique keys for each item. Keys help React identify which items have changed, added, or removed efficiently. Here’s an example:

import React from 'react';

function FruitList() {
  const fruits = ['Apple', 'Banana', 'Cherry'];

  return (
      {fruits.map((fruit, index) => (
        <li key={index}>{fruit}</li>

In this example, we’re mapping over the fruits array and rendering each item as an li element with a unique key.

Forms and Controlled Components

React makes it easy to work with forms and controlled components. Controlled components are elements like input fields, where React controls the value. Here’s an example:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

function ControlledForm() {
  const [inputValue, setInputValue] = useState('');

  const handleInputChange = (event) => {

  const handleSubmit = (event) => {
    console.log('Submitted value:', inputValue);

  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
        placeholder="Type something..."
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>

In this example, the value of the input field is controlled by the inputValue state variable, and changes are handled through the handleInputChange function.

React Router for Navigation

To handle client-side routing in your React application, you can use the react-router-dom library. It allows you to define different routes and components to render for each route. Here’s a basic example: bashCopy code

npm install react-router-dom
import React from 'react';
import { BrowserRouter as Router, Route, Link } from 'react-router-dom';

function Home() {
  return <h1>Home Page</h1>;

function About() {
  return <h1>About Page</h1>;

function App() {
  return (
            <Link to="/">Home</Link>
            <Link to="/about">About</Link>

      <Route path="/" exact component={Home} />
      <Route path="/about" component={About} />

In this example, we set up two routes using Route components and provide navigation links using Link components.

This concludes the first part of our quick ReactJS and React Redux tutorial. In the next section, we will delve into Redux, state management, and how to integrate Redux with your React application for more advanced state handling. Stay tuned for more in-depth learning!

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